The lack of exercise is considered one of the biggest risk factors for developing heart disease and has even established a direct relationship between physical inactivity and cardiovascular mortality. A sedentary person with lack of exercise has more risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension and respiratory diseases.
What to do? The inactivity / the lack of exercise is a modifiable risk factor, meaning that the adoption of a lifestyle that includes the practice of physical exercise involved in improving health and reducing their sedentary person cardiovascular risk.
For sedentary adults who have long without doing any type of exercise should be progressively start: just as dangerous is not to do any physical activity, in that situation, embarking on a comprehensive and excessive exercise in isolation. The biggest benefit is not competitive sport, but in small initiatives that help us stay active and healthy: get off the bus one stop early, get together with a group of friends to walk, walk to shopping, etc.
The snuff and smoking is cardiovascular risk factor more important as the incidence of coronary disease in smokers it is three times higher than in the rest of the population. The chance of developing heart disease is proportional to the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the number of years that this harmful habit is maintained.
What to do? There is only one solution: stop smoking . Leaving the snuff reduces the rate of reinfarction and sudden death by 20-50 percent. Three years after leaving the snuff , the risk of heart attack or stroke former smoker is the same as that of someone who never smoked. It is difficult to quit smoking without help, so do not hesitate to see a doctor and ask for professional assistance.
Worth quit , both for yourself and for whom we are punishing around and passive smoking. Symptoms (restlessness, anxiety, irritability, sleep disturbances, impaired concentration, increased appetite, craving to smoke …), by intense they may be, they are always passengers. And remember: every hour you spend without smoking is a total success! All this not to mention the cost savings: a smoker who consumes a pack a day spent 976 euros on average. How many things to do with almost 1,000 euros more in your pocket can you think of? A whim, a trip, a monthly fee of an average mortgage …
Arterial hypertension and cardiovascular risk factor
What is it? The blood pressure elevated levels of blood pressure continuously or steadily. The hypertension is a greater resistance to the heart, which responds by increasing your muscle mass to meet that overexertion. The pressure promotes atherosclerosis, thrombosis phenomena, coronary insufficiency, angina pectoris and arrhythmias .
What to do? No smoking , reducing alcohol consumption to a minimum, reduce weight, exercise and maintain a heart-healthy diet poor in salt. If you are already hypertensive, also it may need to continue drug treatment.
Normal levels of systolic blood pressure (maximum) are between 110-140 mmHg, and diastolic (minimum) between 70 and 90 mmHg. Lower figures can also be considered normal, provided they do not cause any symptoms. As the blood pressure changes throughout the day and night, always measuring beam at the same time.